Four Ancient Chinese Maps Debunk China’s “Since Ancient Times” Claim

Four Ancient Maps Debunk China's South China Sea ClaimsPresident Xi Jinping said: “Islands in the South China Sea have been China’s territory since ancient times, and the Chinese government must take responsibility to safeguard its territorial sovereignty and legitimate maritime interests.” But does China really have Ancient Historical Claims?

This is a response to President Xi Jinping’s November 07, 2015 speech at the National University of Singapore. Specifically, this addresses his position on the South China Sea dispute. To wit, he said:

Islands in the South China Sea have been China’s territory since ancient times, and the Chinese government must take responsibility to safeguard its territorial sovereignty and legitimate maritime interests.” – President Xi Jinping, National University of Singapore

What follows are a series of maps from the Institute of Maritime and Ocean Affairs (IMOA) that clearly show Hainan as the southernmost territory of China since “Ancient times.” These maps are Chinese Maps and are from collections of reputable institutions.

IMOA is a private, non-stock, non-profit corporation organized to conduct research, studies and fora on maritime and ocean affairs of the Republic of the Philippines, and publish and disseminate the results of such research, studies and fora through various media, including the hosting of a website for this purpose, for general information, advocacy and educational purposes; to engage the public and encourage participation in discussions regarding maritime and ocean concerns to provide valuable resource and feedback to policy makers, lawmakers, scientists, academicians, researchers and other interested parties.

They host lectures on the South China Sea dispute. They also provide public exhibits of ancient maps that show Hainan as the southernmost territory of China.

For the sake of argument, the author disregards issues on the validity of China’s nine-dash-line and historical claims with respect to the United Nations Convention on the Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS).

This article aims to educate the Chinese as well as the rest of the world on China’s Ancient claims to the islands in the South China Sea.

Finally, the maps and positions that follow are based on the lectures of Justice Antonio T. Carpio.

Important: Due to bandwidth constraints, this article is in two parts. Please click on the links below to access page 1 and 2.

  1. Page 1: 1136 AD during the Song Dynasty Map and 1136 AD during the Song Dynasty Map
  2. Page 2: 1547-59AD Ming Dynasty Map and 1601AD Ming Dynasty Map

***

Ancient Chinese Maps

1136 AD Song Dynasty Map

Click to enlarge: 1136 AD during the Song Dynasty map

1136 AD Song Dynasty Map
Engraved in stone in Fuchang in 1136 AD during the Song Dynasty, this map of China was published in 1903(?) in France based on a rubbing of the stone engraving. The stone map is now in the Forest of Stone Steles Museum in Xi’an, China. This map shows Hainan Island as the southernmost territory of China. Click map to enlarge.

1389AD Ming Dynasty Map

1389AD Ming Dynasty Map

1389AD Ming Dynasty Map
Published in 1389(?) during the Ming Dynasty, this map is painted in color on silk. The map shows Hainan Island as the southernmost territory of China. The original of the map is with the First Historical Archive of China in Beijing. The original of the map is with the First Historical Archive of China in Beijing. This digital reproduction is from Wikimedia Commons, which sourced its copy from the library of the Hong Kong Baptist University. (http://geog.hkbu.edu.hk/ geog1150/chinese/catalog/am31_map1.htm). Click map to enlarge.

About the Author

Sam Galope
Sam Galope
Sam Galope is the founder, publisher, and Editor-In-Chief of the South China Sea News Today website. He is an Information Technology professional with specific expertise in Information Security, Open Source Technology Implementation, and the Lamp Stack.

7 Comments on "Four Ancient Chinese Maps Debunk China’s “Since Ancient Times” Claim"

  1. noel luzuriaga | November 8, 2015 at 10:02 am | Reply

    so whose lying xi jinping or the ancient map ? but xi said it was verbaly chinese territory since ancient time. so he must have lived since ancienttimes. he’s not lying , just making folk story.

  2. I did order to burn the old cultural history of china to start anew.
    My sons where did you get this map, For one thing china has a good skill in everything but dont use it to cheat the world to make china great for its a kArma.

    • Hello Mr. Mao, we retrieved these maps from your archives in Beijing and the Museum of Steles. Aren’t they fascinating? It’s so enlightening to see your own ancient maps right? You better tell your people to stay in Hainan — your southernmost territory. Leave distant maritime features alone.

  3. Hello this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you
    have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but
    have no coding knowledge so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience.
    Any help would be greatly appreciated! http://www.marinirseo.web.id

  4. Hello friends, its enormous article on the topic
    of educationand entirely explained, keep it up all
    the time.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.

*