This is a response to President Xi Jinping’s November 07, 2015 speech at the National University of Singapore. Specifically, this addresses his position on the South China Sea dispute. To wit, he said:
“Islands in the South China Sea have been China’s territory since ancient times, and the Chinese government must take responsibility to safeguard its territorial sovereignty and legitimate maritime interests.” – President Xi Jinping, National University of Singapore
What follows are a series of maps from the Institute of Maritime and Ocean Affairs (IMOA) that clearly show Hainan as the southernmost territory of China since “Ancient times.” These maps are Chinese Maps and are from collections of reputable institutions.
IMOA is a private, non-stock, non-profit corporation organized to conduct research, studies and fora on maritime and ocean affairs of the Republic of the Philippines, and publish and disseminate the results of such research, studies and fora through various media, including the hosting of a website for this purpose, for general information, advocacy and educational purposes; to engage the public and encourage participation in discussions regarding maritime and ocean concerns to provide valuable resource and feedback to policy makers, lawmakers, scientists, academicians, researchers and other interested parties.
They host lectures on the South China Sea dispute. They also provide public exhibits of ancient maps that show Hainan as the southernmost territory of China.
For the sake of argument, the author disregards issues on the validity of China’s nine-dash-line and historical claims with respect to the United Nations Convention on the Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS).
This article aims to educate the Chinese as well as the rest of the world on China’s Ancient claims to the islands in the South China Sea.
Finally, the maps and positions that follow are based on the lectures of Justice Antonio T. Carpio.
Important: Due to bandwidth constraints, this article is in two parts. Please click on the links below to access page 1 and 2.
- Page 1: 1136 AD during the Song Dynasty Map and 1136 AD during the Song Dynasty Map
- Page 2: 1547-59AD Ming Dynasty Map and 1601AD Ming Dynasty Map